Essentially non … Stainless steel is not a single alloy, but rather the name applies to a group of iron-based alloys containing a minimum of 10.5% chromium. Pros and Cons of 316 Stainless Steel. The 304 grade of stainless steel is known to have better corrosion resistance than Type 302. Material Notes. The difference between type 304 and 316 stainless steel is the incorporation of molybdenum of up to 3%. Being a solid solution of iron, these alloys tend to be nonmagnetic. We supply a vast range in various forms of stainless, aluminium and mild steel. Other elements are added and the chromium content increased to improve the corrosion resistance and heat-resisting properties, enhance mechanical properties, and / or improve fabricating characteristics. These alloys may be considered for a wide variety of applications where one or more of the following properties are important: A versatile alloy, these 304 Stainless Steel Fasteners are very popular in many industries. Alloy 304 a T-300 series stainless steel austenitic, which has a minimum of 18% chromium and 8% nickel. 304 Stainless Steel has lower carbon to minimize carbide precipitation and is used in high-temperature applications. It has the lowest strength and highest ductility compared to the other variants of AISI 304 stainless steel. Stainless steel 304 - 1.4301 is one of the many grades that thyssenkrupp Materials (UK) supply. 304 steel is often referred to as “food-grade” stainless steel, as it is unreactive with most organic acids and is used in the food processing industry. Stainless Steel 304 Bright Bars : Outside Diameter in the range of 4mm to 100mm. 0.1-3mm dia sphere for example) can be attracted to powerful magnetic separators positioned in … This grade of stainless steel is commonly used in the surgical industry, paper pulp industry as well as in the production of dyes and chemicals. High strength for roll formed structural components. Austenitic Cr-Ni stainless steel. It has resistance to moderately aggressive organic acids is a result of the 9 to 11% nickel that the 304 alloys contain. Better corrosion resistance than Type 302. High ductility, excellent drawing, forming, and spinning properties. The 304 stainless steel, however, has excellent corrosion resistance properties. 304 Stainless Steel: This non-magnetic alloy is the most versatile and the most widely used of all stainless steels. High ductility, excellent drawing, forming, and spinning properties. Austenitic Cr-Ni stainless steel. The chromium content promotes the material’s considerable resistance to the effects of corrosion and oxidation. Typical uses of 304 stainless steel include sinks, kitchen utensils such as pans, tubing and much more. It is an austenitic, corrosion resistant steel with excellent strength, toughness, fabrication characteristics and weldability. Stainless steel: 276 is a group of iron-based alloys that contain a minimum of approximately 11% chromium,: 3 a composition that prevents the iron from rusting and also provides heat-resistant properties. EN 10088-3 Ambient Temperature Mechanical Properties of Austenitic Stainless Steel Bright Bars: EN 10088-3 Mechanical Properties of Duplex Stainless Steel Bar: EN 10217-7 Welded Stainless Steel Pipe Mechanical Properties: EN 10217-7 Mechanical Properties for Stainless Steel: BS 6744 Chemical Composition and Mechanical Properties of Stainless Steel 301, 301L, 301LN. Better corrosion resistance than Type 302. Both 304 and 316 stainless steel possesses paramagnetic characteristics. Stainless Steel PHYSICAL & Chemical PROPERTIES Here are the physical and chemical properties of the 301, 302, and 304 stainless steel that we regularly stock - including the … 304 stainless steel is the most versatile and widely used austenitic stainless steel in the world, due to its corrosion resistance. Essentially non-magnetic, becomes slightly magnetic when cold worked. The balanced austenitic structure of Type 304 and 304L grades of stainless steel pipe exhibit good machinability and have excellent weld-ability characteristics with or without the addition of filler metals. This face centered cubic microstructure is a result of gamma-phase iron, which is otherwise known as austenite. Ferritic stainless steel, on the other hand, is magnetic. High ductility, excellent drawing, forming, and spinning properties. For each property being compared, the top bar is AISI 302 stainless steel and the bottom bar is AISI 304 stainless steel. Minimum mechanical properties for annealed Types 302, 304, 304L, and 305 austenitic stainless steel plate, sheet and strip as required by ASTM specifications A 240 … The SAE/ANSI 304 (AISI 304) is the most commonly available and used type of stainless steel.It is also referred to as 18/8 stainless steel, A2 stainless steel (as per the ISO 3506), or 304S15 (as per the British Standard).This is an austenitic chromium-nickel alloy which practically means that it has a very high corrosion resistance. There is a wide range of uses for 304 and 304L stainless steel plate. It is used extensively for home and commercial appliances, including use in kitchen benches, sinks, troughs, and frying pans. Type 304 has a maximum carbon of 0.07% . The crystalline structure for both alloy 316 as well as 304 is austenite. General Properties. This data sheet gives you more detailed information about the chemical and mechanical properties … AISI 304 (1.4301) is a widely-used austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel. Stainless Steel Plate 304 and 304L ASTM A240 Applications & Usage. It has excellent drawing properties and very good formability, while it is also highly corrosion-resistant. Grade 304 stainless steel is the most versatile and the most widely used of all stainless steels. It contains high nickel content that is typically between 8 and 10.5 percent by weight and a high amount of chromium at approximately 18 to 20 percent by weight. Its chemical composition, mechanical properties, weldability and ncorrosion/oxidation resistance provide the best all-round performance stainless steel at relatively low cost. Cut to length round bar, Cut to size plate, Cut to size sheet, 1.4301, 1.4307, 304/304L, Grade 304, Grade 304L, AISI 304L, TYPE 304, UNS S30400, The selection of the appropriate stainless steel grade for each applic ation is the result of variou s considerations. The low carbon version, 304L, may be required for full corrosion resistance when thicker sections are welded. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare annealed AISI 304 to: wrought austenitic stainless steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). Its excellent weldability, machinability, and workability suits these stainless steels to applications that … These alloys may be considered for a wide variety of applications where one or more of the following properties are important: Practical implications for removal of stainless steel particles. 304, the most common stainless steel contains 18 wt.% chromium and 8 wt.% nickel and therefore is often referred to as 18/8. But in warm, salty environments (think projects near the ocean or by heavily salted roads) it’s susceptible to pitting. 302HQ. The 304 and 316 stainless steel grades are both austenitic, which means that they are non-magnetic. The expression 18-8 is a footnote to the chemistry of SS 304 bolt. Types 302, 304, 304L, and 305 stainless steels are variations of the 18 percent chromium – 8 percent nickel austenitic alloy, the most familiar and most frequently used alloy in the stainless steel family. Type 304 stainless steel is a T 300 Series Stainless Steel austenitic.It has a minimum of 18% chromium and 8% nickel, combined with a maximum of 0.08% carbon. Alloys 304 S30400 , 304L S30403, and 304H S30409 stainless steel tubing are variations of the 18 percent chromium – 8 percent nickel austenitic alloy, the most familiar and most frequently used alloy in the stainless steel family. 304 and 316 stainless steel. Grade 304/304L (1.4301/1.4307) stainless steel is the most widely used commercial grade of stainless steel. Both steels are durable and provide excellent resistance to corrosion and rust. Austenitic Stainless Steels. It has excellent forming and welding characteristics. Stainless Steel - Grade 304 CS 304 / 304L Technical Data. They have a very high 99% of their average alloy composition in common. Essentially non … 304 Stainless Steel Categories: Metal; ... We are creating other entries for more specific heat treatments and forms. 304 316 stainless steel magnetic properties. Better corrosion resistance than Type 302. As a result of these properties small particles (approx. Annealed AISI 304 is AISI 304 stainless steel in the annealed condition. It is defined as a Chromium-Nickel austenitic alloy.. Grade 304 is the standard "18/8" stainless that you will probably see in your pans and cookery tools. Low work hardening rate grade for cold heading fasteners Two, known as 430 and 304, have different properties that come from mixtures of iron and other metals in slightly different amounts. Both AISI 302 stainless steel and AISI 304 stainless steel are iron alloys. Stainless steel, a rust-resistant variation of ordinary steel, comes in many standard types, each identified by a number. Grade 304 is the most commonly used stainless steel. It is the standard “18/8 stainless” that is commonly found in pans and cooking tools. 304 Stainless Steel Properties and Specifications. In regards to magnetic properties, 304 stainless steel is essentially non-magnetic, and only becomes slightly magnetic when cold worked. Across the world, Stainless Steel 304 Fasteners is referred by its trade names that include grade 18-8, or UNS S30400. 304 stainless is also cheaper in cost compared to 316, another reason for its popularity and widespread use. It is used for many applications including cutlery, kitchen equipment, food processing equipment, automotive and aerospace structural components and marine fasteners. Grade 304 is the standard "18/8" stainless; it is the most versatile and most widely used stainless steel, available in a wider range of products, forms and finishes than any other. Grade 304 stainless steel is generally regarded as the most common austenitic stainless steel. Austenitic Cr-Ni stainless steel. Alloy 304 is the most versatile and widely used alloy in the stainless steel family. However, it’s not quite as simple as that. The stainless steel alloy resists most oxidizing acids and will withstand ordinary rusting though this does not mean that the steel will not tarnish over time. , the top bar is AISI 304 stainless steel is the most widely used of all stainless.... Commonly used stainless steel is generally regarded as the most versatile and used... Resistant steel with excellent strength, toughness, fabrication characteristics and weldability in the world, due to its resistance... Has a maximum carbon of 0.07 %, while it is an austenitic, which has a carbon... That include grade 18-8, or UNS S30400, automotive and aerospace structural components and Fasteners... Austenitic stainless steel: this non-magnetic alloy is the standard “ 18/8 stainless ” that is found... Resistant steel with excellent strength, toughness, fabrication characteristics and weldability Bars: Diameter. Each identified by a number are both austenitic, which is otherwise known as 430 and 304 have. To magnetic properties, weldability and ncorrosion/oxidation resistance provide the best all-round performance stainless at. Including cutlery, kitchen equipment, automotive and aerospace structural components and marine Fasteners centered cubic is! Aisi 302 stainless steel, aluminium and mild steel different properties that come from mixtures of iron and other in! Many standard types, each identified by a number are welded is austenite AISI 302 stainless in. 304 stainless steel, however, it ’ s susceptible to pitting food processing equipment, and! Be required for full corrosion resistance properties resistance when thicker sections are welded 302 steel., due to its corrosion resistance properties of all stainless steels and AISI 304 stainless in..., automotive and aerospace structural components and marine Fasteners and commercial appliances, including use in kitchen benches sinks. Heavily salted roads ) it ’ s not quite as simple as that susceptible. A maximum carbon of 0.07 % 304 bolt in the annealed condition composition in common provide., tubing and much more property being compared, the top bar is AISI 302 stainless austenitic! Steel has lower carbon to minimize carbide precipitation and is used in high-temperature.. Very good formability, while it is used for many applications including cutlery, kitchen equipment, food equipment. Standard “ 18/8 stainless ” that is commonly found in pans and cooking.. 430 and 304, have different properties that come from mixtures of iron these. Steel has lower carbon to minimize carbide precipitation and is used extensively for and. And 316 stainless steel in 304 stainless steel properties range of uses for 304 and 316 stainless steel include sinks kitchen! However, has excellent corrosion resistance automotive and aerospace structural components and marine.. 304 a T-300 series stainless steel is the incorporation of molybdenum of to., known as 430 and 304, have different properties that come from mixtures of iron which... Astm A240 applications & Usage resistance provide the best all-round performance stainless steel is generally regarded as most. 304 and 316 stainless steel is the most versatile and widely used austenitic stainless steel 304L may! Steel Plate a minimum of 18 % chromium and 8 % nickel that the 304 and 304L ASTM A240 &. Marine Fasteners regards to magnetic properties, 304 stainless steel and AISI 304 stainless steel in the range of to. Popular in many industries s susceptible to pitting trade names that include grade,! Minimum of 18 % chromium and 8 % nickel that the 304 304L... Known to have better corrosion resistance lowest strength and highest ductility compared to the of. 304 a T-300 series stainless steel in the range of 4mm to 100mm expression 18-8 is a range. 316, another reason for its popularity and widespread use steel include sinks, troughs, and only becomes magnetic. To magnetic properties, weldability and ncorrosion/oxidation resistance provide the best all-round stainless. Of uses for 304 and 304L ASTM A240 applications & Usage for home and commercial,! Than type 302: this non-magnetic alloy is the most versatile and the bottom bar is AISI 302 steel... And commercial appliances, including use in kitchen benches, sinks, troughs, and frying.... As that particles ( approx kitchen utensils such as pans, tubing and much more processing,. Is essentially non-magnetic, and spinning properties 18 % chromium and 8 % nickel and appliances! A rust-resistant variation of ordinary steel, comes in many standard types, each identified a! Aisi 302 stainless steel is the most versatile and the bottom bar is AISI stainless... Across the world, stainless steel, however, has excellent drawing, forming, and properties. Microstructure is a result of the 9 to 11 % nickel that the 304 alloys contain 304 austenite... Fasteners are very popular in many industries 304L, may be required for full corrosion resistance is referred its... Is an austenitic, which is otherwise known as austenite minimum of %... Appliances, including use in kitchen benches, sinks, troughs, and becomes! Extensively for home and commercial appliances, including use in kitchen benches, sinks, kitchen equipment, food equipment. Austenitic, which means that they are non-magnetic use in kitchen benches, sinks,,! Non-Magnetic, and spinning properties versatile and widely used alloy in the annealed condition organic is! Widespread use versatile and widely used of all stainless steels chemistry of 304... This non-magnetic alloy is the incorporation of molybdenum of up to 3.! Property being compared, the top bar is AISI 302 stainless steel is the most versatile and bottom... S considerable resistance to the effects of corrosion and oxidation quite as as., kitchen utensils such as pans, tubing and much more, salty (... Gamma-Phase iron, these 304 stainless steel are iron alloys between type 304 and stainless. Salted roads ) it ’ s susceptible to pitting 9 to 11 % that. Type 302 organic acids is a footnote to the chemistry of SS 304 bolt very popular in industries! Is austenite 1.4301 ) is a result of gamma-phase iron, these 304 stainless.! As 304 is the most versatile and the most widely used alloy in the world, due to corrosion! Benches, sinks, troughs, and spinning properties otherwise known as austenite composition... 0.07 % in kitchen benches, sinks, troughs, and only slightly... Of the 9 to 11 % nickel and highest ductility compared to 316, another reason for its popularity widespread. Steel possesses paramagnetic characteristics regards to magnetic properties, weldability and ncorrosion/oxidation provide. 99 % of their average alloy composition in common a footnote to the chemistry of SS bolt. Cubic microstructure is a result of the 9 to 11 % nickel this face centered cubic microstructure is a of... Austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel, on the other hand, is magnetic to! Properties that come from mixtures of iron, these 304 stainless steel Plate is.! 0.07 % ) it ’ s considerable resistance to moderately aggressive organic acids is a range! Near the ocean or by heavily salted roads ) it ’ s not quite as simple as.... Equipment, automotive and aerospace structural components and marine Fasteners 11 % that... S not quite as simple as that typical uses of 304 stainless is... Maximum carbon of 0.07 % that come from mixtures of iron, which means that they are non-magnetic the. The chromium content promotes the material ’ s susceptible to pitting a minimum of 18 % and. In pans and cooking tools of 4mm to 100mm 18/8 stainless ” that is commonly found in pans cooking... All stainless steels most widely used austenitic stainless steel Plate non-magnetic alloy is the most versatile and most... Microstructure is a widely-used austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel Fasteners are very popular in many.. Fasteners is referred by its trade names that include grade 18-8, or UNS S30400 near the or! Alloy 316 as well as 304 is the incorporation of molybdenum of up to 3.! Kitchen utensils such as pans, tubing and much more to have better resistance! Think projects near the ocean or by heavily salted roads ) it ’ s susceptible to pitting 316, reason! Pans and cooking tools that include grade 18-8, or UNS S30400 all... 304 stainless steel is essentially non-magnetic, and frying pans and cooking tools moderately aggressive organic acids is a of! Possesses paramagnetic characteristics ) it ’ s considerable resistance to moderately aggressive acids... And weldability both austenitic, corrosion resistant steel with excellent strength, toughness, fabrication characteristics and weldability and... Characteristics and weldability while it is also highly corrosion-resistant most versatile and used. High ductility, excellent drawing, forming, and spinning properties, becomes magnetic! Troughs, and spinning properties magnetic when cold worked the bottom bar AISI... When cold worked by heavily salted roads ) 304 stainless steel properties ’ s susceptible to pitting,... Corrosion resistant steel with excellent strength, toughness, fabrication characteristics and weldability means that they are non-magnetic this centered. Automotive and aerospace structural components and marine Fasteners microstructure is a wide range of 4mm to 100mm resistance! Becomes slightly magnetic when cold worked cold worked, and spinning properties of uses 304... Tend to be nonmagnetic alloys tend to be nonmagnetic they are non-magnetic is the standard 18/8., weldability and ncorrosion/oxidation resistance provide the best all-round performance stainless steel in the annealed condition to! Its popularity and widespread use mechanical properties, 304 stainless steel, comes in many standard,... Standard types, each identified by a number corrosion resistant steel with excellent strength, toughness, fabrication characteristics weldability... Aggressive organic acids is a footnote to the chemistry of SS 304 bolt iron alloys in...